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Category Archives: Physical Readiness Training

Name the two physical fitness formations

Board Answer:

  1. Extended Rectangular
  2. Circular

Study Strategy:

The Army has recently transitioned from Physical Fitness Training (FM 21-20) to Physical Readiness Training (TC 3-22-20). However, board questions are sometimes still asked that reference the old manual. Learn as much about both as you can, since FM 21-20 has a long history and many elements of it can be found still present in PT sessions around the Army.

TC stands for Training Circular.

TC 3-22-20 states that the traditional formation for PRT is the Extended Rectangular formation saying, “It is best for platoon- to company-size formations because it is simple and easy to assume.” There is a variation used to conduct Guerrilla Drills where the formation is covered, as opposed to the usual uncovered formation.

Fitness tasks provide the framework for accomplishing all training requirements. The essential elements of fitness tasks can be catalogued into what four groups?

Board Answer:

  1. Collective Tasks
  2. Individual Tasks
  3. Leader Tasks
  4. Resources required for training

Study Strategy:

The Army has recently transitioned from Physical Fitness Training (FM 21-20) to Physical Readiness Training (TC 3-22-20). However, board questions are sometimes still asked that reference the old manual. Learn as much about both as you can, since FM 21-20 has a long history and many elements of it can be found still present in PT sessions around the Army.

TC stands for Training Circular.

TC 3-22-20, while mentioning collective and individual tasks, does not list the above four tasks as a distinct concept as FM 21-20 did.

What is DA Form 705?

Board Answer:

“The Army Physical Fitness Test Scorecard”

Study Strategy:

Some study guides list this as the “Physical Readiness Test Scorecard”, but the title on the Form is as listed above.

Download DA Form 705

DA Form 705 - Army Physical Fitness Test Scorecard

DA Form 705 - Army Physical Fitness Test Scorecard

TC 3-22-20

How many scorers should be supplied for the APFT?

Board Answer:

“According to TC 3-22-20, a minimum of 1 scorer per every eight Soldiers is recommended.”

Study Strategy:

The Army has recently transitioned from Physical Fitness Training (FM 21-20) to Physical Readiness Training (TC 3-22-20). However, board questions are sometimes still asked that reference the old manual. Learn as much about both as you can, since FM 21-20 has a long history and many elements of it can be found still present in PT sessions around the Army.

TC stands for Training Circular.

FM 21-20 recommended one scorer for every 15 Soldiers, but since TC 3-22-20 supersedes FM 21-20, the above is the correct answer with respect to the current APFT. The section of TC 3-22-20 where this is found is Appendix A, section 34.

What are the five components of physical fitness?

Board Answer:

  1. Cardio Respiratory Endurance
  2. Muscular Strength 
  3. Muscular Endurance 
  4. Flexibility 
  5. Body Composition

Study Strategy:

The Army has recently transitioned from Physical Fitness Training (FM 21-20) to Physical Readiness Training (TC 3-22-20). However, board questions are sometimes still asked that reference the old manual. Learn as much about both as you can, since FM 21-20 has a long history and many elements of it can be found still present in PT sessions around the Army.

TC stands for Training Circular.

TC 3-22-20 gives the following three components:

  1. Mobility
  2. Strength
  3. Endurance
If you are asked for three, give these three. If you are asked for five, give the five listed above.

What are the seven basic principles of exercise?

Board Answer:

  • Progression
  • Regularity
  • Overload
  • Variety
  • Recovery
  • Balance
  • Specificity

Study Strategy:

This is the FM 21-20 list of principles, put into an order that makes a good mnemonic (P-R-O-V-R-B-S).

The Army has recently transitioned from Physical Fitness Training (FM 21-20) to Physical Readiness Training (TC 3-22-20). However, board questions are sometimes still asked that reference the old manual. Learn as much about both as you can, since FM 21-20 has a long history and many elements of it can be found still present in PT sessions around the Army.

TC stands for Training Circular.

TC 3-22-20 gives only three principles, in section 2-8: precision, progression, and integration, and has this to say about them:

These principles ensure that Soldiers perform all PRT sessions, activities, drills, and exercises correctly, within the appropriate intensity and duration for optimal conditioning and injury control.

PRECISION

2-9. Precision is the strict adherence to optimal execution standards for PRT activities. Precision is based on the premise that the quality of the movement or form is just as important as the weight lifted, repetitions performed or speed of running. It is important not only for improving physical skills and abilities, but to decrease the likelihood of injury due to the development of faulty movement patterns. Adhering to precise execution standards in the conduct of all PRT activities ensures the development of body management and fundamental movement skills.

PROGRESSION

2-10. Progression is the systematic increase in the intensity, duration, volume, and difficulty of PRT activities. The proper progression of PRT activities allows the body to positively adapt to the stresses of training. When progression is violated by too rapid an increase in intensity, duration, volume or difficulty the Soldier is unable to adapt to the demands of training. The Soldier is then unable to recover, which leads to overtraining or the possibility of injury. Phased training ensures appropriate progression.

INTEGRATION

2-11. Integration uses multiple training activities to achieve balance and appropriate recovery between activities in the PRT program. Because most WTBDs [Warrior Tasks & Battle Drills] require a blend of strength, endurance, and mobility, PRT activities are designed to challenge all three components in an integrated manner. The principle of integration is evident when WTBDs and their component movements are incorporated in PRT. For example, CDs and CLs develop the strength, mobility, and physical skills needed to negotiate obstacles. Military movement drills (MMDs) improve running form and movement under direct or indirect fire. The guerrilla drill (GD) develops the strength and skill associated with casualty evacuation and combatives. The drills, exercises, and activities in this TC integrate essential Soldier tasks, making PRT a critical link in the chain of overall Soldier physical readiness.

Soldiers 55 years of age or older have the option of taking the 3-event APFT or what?

Board Answer:

“The alternate APFT. An alternate APFT is defined as push–ups, sit–ups and an alternate aerobic event (2.5–mile walk, 800–yard swim, or 6.2–mile bicycle ride).”

Study Strategy:

Make sure to know the distances for the alternate aerobic events.

TC 3-22-20

What AR covers the Army Physical Fitness Program?

Board Answer:

“AR 350-1 – Chapter 1 Section 24″

Study Strategy:

This is a very useful section to look over. It’s two-and-a-half pages long, but summarizes many important facets of Physical Readiness Training.

NOTE: As of April 11, 2011, TC 3-22-20 has superseded FM 21-20 in all cases. Thus, AR 350-1, though mentioning FM 21-20 and Physical Fitness, it is now intended to read TC 3-22-20 and Physical Readiness Training.

AR 350-1

TC 3-22-20

What are the three periods of a normal daily exercise routine?

Board Answer:

Per FM 21-20, the three periods are:

  1. Warm-up
  2. Conditioning
  3. Cool-down
Per TC 3-22-20, the three periods are:
  1. Preparation
  2. Activity
  3. Recovery

Study Strategy:

The Army has recently transitioned from Physical Fitness Training (FM 21-20) to Physical Readiness Training (TC 3-22-20). However, board questions are sometimes still asked that reference the old manual. Learn as much about both as you can, since FM 21-20 has a long history and many elements of it can be found still present in PT sessions around the Army.

TC stands for Training Circular.

TC 3-22-20 states, “PRT sessions always include the following elements: preparation, activity and recovery.”

What is the objective of physical fitness training?

Board Answer:

“To enhance Soldiers’ abilities to meet the physical demands of war.”

Study Strategy:

The Army has recently transitioned from Physical Fitness Training (FM 21-20) to Physical Readiness Training (TC 3-22-20). However, board questions are sometimes still asked that reference the old manual. Learn as much about both as you can, since FM 21-20 has a long history and many elements of it can be found still present in PT sessions around the Army.

TC stands for Training Circular.

TC 3-22-20 states, “The objective of PRT is to prepare Soldiers to meet the physical demands related to mission and C- or D-METL.” (C- or D-METL means Core Mission Essential Task List or Directed Mission Essential Task List)

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